How to choose the right sunscreen

In summer most of us like sunbathing and tans , but this is necessary to adequately protect, as the sun emits radiation in addition to its effects beneficial – can be harmful to the skin, such as sun allergies or reactions and the Time aging of the skin. To avoid problems, different products are marketed to protect us from the sun. The most used are the sunscreen or sunscreens , which by the Sun Protection Factor (SPF) indicates the number of times increases the capacity of natural skin defense before burning. Learn here how to choose the right sunscreen for your skin.

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What does the sun protection factor mean?

Sunscreens or photo-protectors contain chemical and / or physical substances, which we know as filters, which protect the skin from the harmful effects of solar radiation. The Sun Protection Factor (SPF) indicates the number of times the sunscreen increases the capacity of natural defense against skin redness prior to skin burn . For example, a protection factor 20 allows sun exposure 20 Minutes as if it were 1 minute without protection.

What types of photo-protectors are there?

According to the factor sunscreen, the sunscreen or sunscreens are divided into the following categories:

  • Low: FPS 2-4-6
  • Media: FPS 8-10-12
  • High: SPF 15-20-25
  • Very high: SPF 30-40-50
  • Ultra: 50+

What do I have to consider when choosing sun cream?

To choose the right sun protection factor when buying the photoresist, we must take into account various factors such as:

Who will use it: children, adults, etc.
Type of skin: dry, oily, with acne …
Photo-type : the ability of the skin to absorb solar radiation, which is determined by characteristics such as pigmentation of the skin, eyes, hair, tanning ability …

There is a classification of skin types:

  • Phototype I – Very pale skin, blue eyes, usually red-haired, always or almost always burned, never tan.
  • Phototype II – White skin, blue or green eyes, generally with blond or light hair. Sometimes they tan, but sometimes they burn.
  • Phototype III– Intermediate skin, gray or brown eyes, with brown hair that rarely burns and always tan.
  • Phototype IV.- Dark skin, with brown eyes and brown or black hair, that bronzes quickly and never burns.

– Ultraviolet Index (UVI) marks the intensity of solar radiation, depending on the season and day; The media reports of which is at any moment, can be low, medium, high and extreme.

– Other factors: time of day, altitude, geographic location, weather conditions, etc.

What photoprotector or sun cream corresponds to me?

Taking into account the skin phototype and ultraviolet index, the following is the approximate protection factor that should be chosen, although it is only indicative because many other factors come into play:
Phototype I:
Low radiation (values ​​from 1 to 3): 15-20
Average Radiation (from 4 to 6): 30-50
High radiation (7 to 9): 50+
Extreme Radiation (greater than 10): 50+

Phototype II:
Low radiation (values ​​from 1 to 3): 15 – 20
Average Radiation (from 4 to 6): 30 -50
High radiation (7 to 9): 30 -50
Extreme Radiation (greater than 10): 50+

Phototype III:
Low radiation (values ​​from 1 to 3): 15-20
Average radiation (from 4 to 6): 15-20
High radiation (7 to 9): 15-25
Extreme Radiation (greater than 10): 30-50

Phototype IV:
Low radiation (values ​​from 1 to 3): 15-20
Average radiation (from 4 to 6): 15-20
High radiation (7 to 9): 15-20
Extreme Radiation (greater than 10): 15-20

Recommendations for applying the photo-protector

  • Apply the sunscreen or sunscreen in abundance.
  • Renew it every two hours and after swimming.
  • Extreme precautions in sensitive areas : face, neck, bald, hands, vamp … Just as in children.
  • Use sunscreen even if you’re in the shade or cloudy.

To read more articles like How to choose the right sunscreen , we recommend you enter our category Beauty and Personal Care .

Tips

  • Avoid direct sunlight and, in case of doubt, consult your doctor.