Skin diseases in pregnant women
Pregnant women usually have during this stage some changes both hormonal and immunological that can bring significant changes in some fundamental parts of our body as the skin. These skin changes are very specific and only occur in women who are gestating a life in their belly. However, while some of these changes may be good, others may create possible conditions and lesions on the skin of pregnant women. Then in this article we will explain the different skin diseases in pregnant women and their symptoms and specific characteristics.
Herpes gestationis is the appearance of intense itching due to a pruritus, that over the weeks, ends up becoming blisters or bumps on different parts of the skin of a pregnant woman. These blisters usually begin in the area of the abdomen and navel and extend the entire body without reaching the face or areas with mucous. These small blisters end up transforming into vesicles with a clear liquid inside that usually disappear between the time of delivery and the postpartum as long as you consult a dermatologist to give you the most appropriate treatment.
Herpes gestationis is a skin disease in pregnant women that usually starts between the 28th and 32nd weeks of pregnancy (although it can also occur during the postpartum period) and its origin is due to the manufacture of our organism of basement membrane antibodies during gestation. It is usually more common for this skin disease to appear in women who have had more than one child although its incidence is quite variable.
Polymorphous eruption of pregnancy
It is a disease that occurs on the skin during pregnancy and its incidence of 1 in 150 pregnant women. The polymorphic eruption usually affects women who go through their first pregnancy , also pregnant women with twins and finally, who usually gain a lot of weight during this stage.
The main symptoms of the polymorphic eruption are as follows:
- Sharp itching throughout the day and also at night.
- Appearance of papules on reddish skin.
- Other skin lesions such as vesicles.
This disease of the skin in pregnant women begins at the height of the hips and extends towards the rest of the trunk without even reaching the face, arms, legs and feet.
Folliculitis is a skin disease in pregnant women that consists of the appearance of small granites that produce intense itching. These rashes on the skin are caused by inflammation of the hair follicles and usually appear throughout the body especially by the abdomen and breasts .
Folliculitis may appear in pregnant women from the fourth to the ninth month of gestation and usually disappear spontaneously after delivery. The causes of these rashes on the skin are not specified, although they are certainly produced by the hormonal changes typical of pregnant women.
Prurigo of the pregnancy
Pruritus is a skin disease in pregnant women that stands out because the woman presents lesions or palpable skin eruptions and reddish-looking nodules that produce acute itching through the body. Usually pregnancy prunings are usually located in the arms and legs , but can also occur throughout the abdomen.
The cause of this skin disease is not known but surely it is because of the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy . Prurians appear during the first trimester of gestation although, sometimes, they may also appear in the second trimester.
Cholestasis during pregnancy
Cholestasis is a skin disease that usually appears during the third trimester of pregnancy. It is identified by very intense itching and injuries to the skin due to scratching. Other symptoms of cholestasis in pregnancy include:
- Sharp itches on the palms of the hand and on the soles of the feet that extend to the arms, face, legs and trunk.
- Both the skin and the whites of the eyes have a yellowish appearance (jaundice).
- Urine of dark color.
- Bad absorption, especially of fats.
The cause of the onset of this skin disease is an alteration called bromine sulphthalein which is produced in the liver by the increase of estrogen that occurs in pregnancy .
This article is purely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
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